Education in Online Environment from Students’ and Teachers’ Perspective




COVID-19, online teaching, outbreak, education, assessment, quality


The pandemic related to COVID-19 has affected education particularly in terms of the massive shift towards online teaching and study. Students and teachers had to face new challenges they had not met before. The aim of the paper is to research how both, students and teachers perceive the online educational process, to identify advantages and disadvantages of online teaching, as well as to analyze and evaluate the quality of online teaching in comparison with the attendance form of education from both students’ and teachers’ perspective. In order to fulfill this purpose, we carried out two separate questionnaire surveys (among students and teachers at the Faculty of Economic Informatics at the University of Economics in Bratislava). Based on conclusions resulting from our research, we can affirm that both students and teachers prefer the attendance form of education rather than online teaching, students mainly because of need of socialization, personal contact with teachers and classmates, better and faster communication with teachers, and active class discussion. The attendance form of education eliminates technology related problems, such as outages of the Internet, electricity, missing technology equipment, and this form of education is performed on higher quality level in comparison with online education. Among the most frequently limitations of online education mentioned by teachers were anonymity of students, complexity of preparation of study materials, and cheating during exams and tests. There are also some advantages the online education offers, such as time savings, more effective, creative and flexible modern way of teaching, and recording lectures.


Download data is not yet available.


Abdulamir, A. S., & Hafidh, R. R. (2020). The Possible Immunological Pathways for the Variable Immunopathogenesis of COVID—19 Infections among Healthy Adults, Elderly and Children. Electronic Journal of General Medicine, 17(4). DOI:

Agresti, A. (2015). Foundations of Linear and Generalized Linear Models. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Ait Addi, R., Benksim, A., Amine, M., & Cherkaoui, M. (2020). COVID-19 outbreak and perspective in Morocco. Electronic Journal of General Medicine, 17(4). DOI:

Aljofan, M., & Gaipov, A. (2020). COVID-19 treatment: The race against time. DOI:

Allen, J., Rowan, L., & Singh, P. (2020). Teaching and teacher education in the time of COVID-19. Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education, 48(3), 233-236. DOI:

Allison, P.D. (2012). Logistic regression using SAS: Theory and application. Cary: SAS Institute.

Al-Rabiaah, A., Temsah, M. H., Al-Eyadhy, A. A., Hasan, G. M., Al-Zamil, F., Al-Subaie, S. & Somily, A. M. (2020). Middle East Respiratory Syndrome-Corona Virus (MERS-CoV) associated stress among medical students at a university teaching hospital in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Infection and Public Health, 13(5), 687-691. DOI:

Aristovnik, A., Keržič, D., Ravšelj, D., Tomaževič, N., & Umek, L. (2020). Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on life of higher education students: A global perspective. Sustainability, 12(20), 8438. DOI:

Bloom, D. A., Reid, J. R., & Cassady, C. I. (2020). Education in the time of COVID-19. Pediatric Radiology, 50, 1055-1058. DOI:

Bothwell, E. (2020). Flexible admissions could mitigate COVID-19 impact. Times Higher Education. Retrieved from

Brezina, I. Jr. & Režná, B. (2020). Online learning evaluation in selected faculties of economics of Slovak universities during Covide-19. Elektronnaja kazaň 2020: Informacijonnyje technologiji v sovremennom mire: sbornik iz 12. meždunarodnoj naučno-praktičeskoj konferenciji, 19–20. 11. 2020 – in print.

Browning, M. H., Larson, L. R., Sharaievska, I., Rigolon, A., McAnirlin, O., Mullenbach, L., & Alvarez, H. O. (2021). Psychological impacts from COVID-19 among university students: Risk factors across seven states in the United States. PloS one, 16(1). pone.0245327. DOI:

Cai. W. (2014). Making Comparisons Fair: How LS-Means Unify the Analysis of Linear Models. SAS Institute Inc. Paper SA. S060-2014.

Cao, W., Fang, Z., Hou, G., Han, M., Xu, X., Dong, J., & Zheng, J. (2020). The psychological impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on college students in China. Psychiatry research, 287, 112934. DOI:

Chen, H. (2008). Using ESTIMATE and CONTRAST Statements for Customized Hypothesis Tests. SAS Institute Inc. Paper SP09-2008.

Daniel, J. (2020). Education and the COVID-19 pandemic. Prospects, 49(1), 91-96. DOI:

Dill, E., Fischer, K., McMurtrie, B., & Supiano, B. (2020). As coronavirus spreads, the decision to move classes online is the first step. What comes next. The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved from Spreads-the/248200.

Eger, L., Tomzyk, L., Klement, M., Pisoňová, M. & Petrová, G. (2020). How do first year university students use ICT in their leisure time and for learning purposes? International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education, 8(2). DOI:

Elmer, T., Mepham, K., & Stadtfeld, C. (2020). Students under lockdown: Comparisons of students’ social networks and mental health before and during the COVID-19 crisis in Switzerland. Plos one, 15(7). DOI:

Galea, S., Merchant, R. M., & Lurie, N. (2020). The mental health consequences of COVID-19 and physical distancing: the need for prevention and early intervention. JAMA internal medicine, 180(6), 817-818. DOI:

García-Peñalvo, F. J., Corell, A., Abella-García, V., & Grande, M. (2020). Online assessment in higher education in the time of COVID-19. Education in the Knowledge Society, 21. DOI:

Graham, J. M. (2008). The general linear model as structural equation modeling. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 33(4), 485-506. DOI:

Huckins, J. F., DaSilva, A. W., Wang, W., Hedlund, E., Rogers, C., Nepal, S. K., ... & Campbell, A. T. (2020). Mental health and behavior of college students during the early phases of the COVID-19 pandemic: longitudinal smartphone and ecological momentary assessment study. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(6). DOI:

Kafka, A. C. (2020). Shock, fear, and fatalism: as coronavirus prompts colleges to close, students grapple with uncertainty. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 12. Retrieved from

Kamarianos, I., Adamopoulou, A., Lambropoulos, H., & Stamelos, G. (2020). Towards an Understanding of University Students’ Response in Times of Pandemic Crisis (COVID-19). European Journal of Education Studies, 7(7). DOI:

Lee, S., & Lee, D. K. (2018). What is the proper way to apply the multiple comparison test? Korean Journal of Anesthesiology, 71(5), 353. DOI:

Lenth, R., V. (2016). Least-squares means: the R package lsmeans. Journal of Statistical Software. 69(1), 1-33. DOI:

Liguori, E., & Winkler, C. (2020). From offline to online: Challenges and opportunities for entrepreneurship education following the COVID-19 pandemic.

Lim, M. (2020). Educating despite the Covid-19 outbreak: lessons from Singapore. Times Higher Education, 20. Retrieved from

Marinoni, G., Van’t Land, H., & Jensen, T. (2020). The impact of Covid-19 on higher education around the world. IAU Global Survey Report.

The Measures of the Rector of the UEBA No. 3 on the current situation (2020). Retrieved from

The updated measures of the Rector of the UEBA No. 4 on the current situation related to Coronavirus – 12 March 2020 (2020). Retrieved from

The updated measures of the Rector of the UEBA No. 5 o the current situation related to Coronavirus – March 24, 2020 (2020). Retrieved from

Purković, D., & Kovačević, S. (2020). Teachers’ Perception of the Influence of the Teaching Context on Cognitive Achievements in General Technology Education. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education, 8(S), 1-15. DOI:

Ratten, V. (2020). Coronavirus (Covid-19) and the entrepreneurship education community. Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, 14(5), pp. 754-764. DOI:

Reimers, F. M., & Schleicher, A. (2020). A framework to guide an education response to the COVID-19 Pandemic of 2020. OECD. Retrieved April, 14(2020), 2020-04.

Rose, S. (2020). Medical student education in the time of COVID-19. Jama, 323(21), 2131-2132. DOI:

Sahu, P. (2020). Closure of universities due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): impact on education and mental health of students and academic staff. Cureus, 12(4). DOI:

Sangster, A., Stoner, G., & Flood, B. (2020). Insights into accounting education in a COVID-19 world. Accounting Education, 29(5), 431-562. DOI:

Searle, S. R., & Gruber, M. H. J. (2017). Linear Models. 2nd ed. John Wiley & Sons.

Schleicher, A. (2020). The impact of covid-19 on education insights from education at a glance 2020. Retrieved from website: pdf.

Statement of the University of Economics in Bratislava after the Crisis Staff meeting to the current situation related to the Corona Virus (2020). Retrieved from:

Šoltés, E., Zelinová, S., & Bilíková, M. (2019). General linear model: an effective tool for analysis of claim severity in motor third party liability insurance. Statistics in Transition New Series, 20(4), 13-31. DOI:

Thomas, M. S., & Rogers, C. (2020). Education, the science of learning, and the COVID-19 crisis. Prospects, 49, 87-90. DOI:

Timmis, S., Broadfoot, P., Sutherland, R., & Oldfield, A. (2016). Rethinking assessment in a digital age: Opportunities, challenges and risks. British Educational Research Journal, 42(3), 454-476. DOI:

Usak, M., Masalimova, A. R., Cherdymova, E. I., & Shaidullina, A. R. (2020). New playmaker in science education: Covid-19. Journal of Baltic Science Education, 19(2), 180. DOI:

Wagner, J. & Křehnáčová, A. (2020). Lesson Learned from the Coerced Application of E-learning in the Management Accounting Course during COVID-19 Pandemic. Účetnictví a auditing v procesu světové harmonizace: sborník z mezinárodní vědecké konference, Slapy, 8.-10. září 2020, 182-186.

Watson, G. R., & Sottile, J. (2010). Cheating in the digital age: Do students cheat more in online courses? Retrieved from



How to Cite

Blahušiaková, M., Mokošová, D., & Šoltés, E. (2021). Education in Online Environment from Students’ and Teachers’ Perspective. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE), 9(2), 203–226.



Received 2021-05-11
Accepted 2021-08-04
Published 2021-08-31

Similar Articles

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.