Time Perception and Time Management during COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown


  • Elena A. Makarova Department of Technical Translation, Faculty of Humanities, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5784-9430
  • Elena L. Makarova Department of Management and Innovative Technologies, Institute of Management in Economic, Environmental and Social Systems, Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5784-9430
  • Iakoov S. Korovin Scientific Research Institute of Multiprocessor Computing Systems named after Academician A.V. Kalyaev, Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5192-8835




time perception, defensive mechanism, rhythm of brain activity, internal clock, time management


Our perception of time changes with age, but it also depends on our emotional state and physical conditions. It is not necessarily mental disorders that distort human’s time perception, but threatening or dangerous situations, induced fear or sadness trigger psychological defensive mechanism that speeds up or slows down the rate of the internal clock. Fear distorted time is caused by higher (slower) pulse rate, increased (decreased) blood pressure and muscular contraction. The given research is aimed at improving our understanding of the mechanism that controls this sense, opening the way for new forms of time management. Our perception of time is dependent on our emotional state, temporal distortion caused by emotion is not the result of a malfunction in the internal biological clock, but, on the contrary, an illustration of its remarkable ability to adapt to events around us. Development of time sensitivity is very important for timing, time perception, time-management and procrastination problem solution.


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How to Cite

Makarova, E. A. ., Makarova, E. L., & Korovin, I. S. (2022). Time Perception and Time Management during COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE), 10(1), 57–69. https://doi.org/10.23947/2334-8496-2022-10-1-57-69



Received 2021-12-10
Accepted 2022-03-14
Published 2022-04-20