KNOWLEDGE SHARING IN AN ORGANIZATION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE INDIVIDUAL
Keywords:knowledge sharing in an organization, knowledge management, individual perspective, social exchange theory
Authors introduce a theoretical model of knowledge sharing in an organization through individual perspective. The social exchange theory offers a clarification of fundamental assumptions regarding individual action and is therefore appropriate for explaining why and when an individual is ready to share her/his knowledge in an organization. The article aims to reveal what shapes employees’ decisions to share knowledge in a work situation and what is needed in an organization to facilitate individuals to share and not to hoard their knowledge. These assumptions have never been included in the literature of knowledge management up until now.
Al-Alawi, I. A., Yousif Al-Marzooqi, N., & Fraidoon Mohammed, Y. (2007). Organizational culture and knowledge sharing: critical success factors. Journal of Knowledge Management, 11(2), 22-42.
Ahmad, N., & Daghfous, A. (2010). Knowledge sharing through inter-organizational knowledge networks: Challenges and opportunities in the United Arab Emirates. European Business Review, 22(2), 153-174.
Amabile, T. (1997). Motivating creativity in organizations. California Management Review, 40(1), 39-58.
Amayah, T.A. (2013). Determinants of knowledge sharing in a public sector organization. Journal of Knowledge Management, 17(3), 454-471.
Antal, A. B., & Richebé, N. (2009). A passion for giving, a passion for sharing understanding knowledge sharing as gift exchange in academia. Journal of Management Inquiry, 18(1), 78-95.
Becker, B. E., & Huselid, M. A. (1998). High performance work systems and firm performance: A synthesis of research and managerial implications. In Research in personnel and human resource management.
Bessant, J. R., & Venables, T. (Eds.). (2008). Creating wealth from knowledge: meeting the innovation challenge. Edward Elgar Publishing.
Blackler, F. (1995). Knowledge, knowledge work and organizations: An overview and interpretation. Organization Studies, 16(6), 1021-1046.
Blankenship, S. S., & Ruona, W. (2009). Exploring knowledge sharing in social structures: Potential contributions to an overall knowledge management strategy. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 11(3), 290-306.
Blau, P. M. (1964). Exchange and power in social life. Transaction Publishers.
Bock, G. W., & Kim, Y. G. (2001). Breaking the myths of rewards: An exploratory study of attitudes about knowledge sharing. Pacis 2001 proceedings, 78.
Bollinger, A. S., & Smith, R. D. (2001). Managing organizational knowledge as a strategic asset. Journal of Knowledge Management, 5(1), 8-18.
Cabrera, A., Collins, W. C., & Salgado, J. F. (2006). Determinants of individual engagement in knowledge sharing. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 17(2), 245-264.
Cabrera, E. F., & Cabrera, A. (2005). Fostering knowledge sharing through people management practices. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 16(5), 720-735.
Chennamaneni, A., Teng, J. T., & Raja, M. K. (2012). A unified model of knowledge sharing behaviours: theoretical development and empirical test. Behaviour & Information Technology, 31(11), 1097-1115.
Cook, L., & Cook, J. (2004). Promoting organizational knowledge sharing. Innovations of knowledge management. Eds.Montano, B. IRM Press, Hershey.
Cunha, M., Morgado, A., & Brewster, C. (2003). Market forces, strategic management, HRM practices and organizational performance, A model based in a European sample. Management Research,1(1), 79-91.
Darroch, J. (2003). Developing a measure of knowledge management behaviors and practices. Journal of knowledge management, 7(5), 41-54.
DeTienne, K. B., Dyer, G., Hoopes, C., & Harris, S. (2004). Toward a model of effective knowledge management and directions for future research: Culture, leadership, and CKOs. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 10(4), 26-43.
Dixon, N. M. (2000). Common knowledge: How companies thrive by sharing what they know. Harvard Business Press.
Etzioni, A. (1975). Comparative Analysis of Complex Organizations, Revised and Enlarged Edition. The Free Press, New York.
Goffman, E. (2009). Relations in public. Transaction Publishers.
Hislop, D. (2003). Linking human resource management and knowledge management via commitment: A review and research agenda. Employee Relations, 25(2), 182-202.
Homans, G. C. (1961). Social behavior: Its elementary forms. Hacourt, Brace & World Inc.
Huang, Q., Davison, R. M., & Gu, J. (2011). The impact of trust, guanxi orientation and face on the intention of Chinese employees and managers to engage in peer‐to‐peer tacit and explicit knowledge sharing. Information Systems Journal, 21(6), 557-577.
Lam, A. (2000). Tacit knowledge, organizational learning and societal institutions: an integrated framework. Organization studies, 21(3), 487-513.
Lam, A., & Lambermont-Ford, J. P. (2010). Knowledge sharing in organisational contexts: a motivation-based perspective. Journal of Knowledge Management,14(1), 51-66.
Ma, Z., Huang, Y., Wu, J., Dong, W., & Qi, L. (2014). What matters for knowledge sharing in collectivistic cultures? Empirical evidence from China. Journal of Knowledge Management, 18(5), 1004-1019.
Martín Cruz, N., Martín Pérez, V., & Trevilla Cantero, C. (2009). The influence of employee motivation on knowledge transfer. Journal of Knowledge Management, 13(6), 478-490.
Mesner Andolšek, D., & Andolšek, S. (2011). Knowledge Sharing Through Social Exchange Theory Perspective. Organizacija, 44(4), 140-152.
Michailova, S., & Husted, K. (2003). Knowledge-sharing hostility in Russian firms. California management review, 45(3), 59-77.
Minbaeva, D. B. (2005). HRM practices and MNC knowledge transfer. Personnel Review, 34(1), 125-144.
Nikandrou, I., Apospori, E., Panayotopoulou, L., Stavrou, E. T., & Papalexandris, N. (2008). Training and firm performance in Europe: the impact of national and organizational characteristics. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 19(11), 2057-2078.
Nonaka, I., & Takeuchi, H. (1995). The knowledge-creating company: How Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation. Oxford university press.
Novak, R., Roblek, V., & Devetak, G. (2013). Relation between Knowledge Management and Turnover in Slovenian Micro and Small Start-Up Organisations. Organizacija, 46(3), 99-107.
Oltra, V. (2005). Knowledge management effectiveness factors: the role of HRM. Journal of Knowledge Management, 9(4), 70-86.
Reyes Villamizar M. M., & Castañeda Zapata, D. I. (2014). Relation Between Organizational Climate and its Dimensions and Knowledge-sharing Behavior among Knowledge Workers. International Journal of Psychological Research, 7(2), 64-75.
Rhodes, J., Hung, R., Lok, P., Ya-Hui Lien, B., & Wu, C. M. (2008). Factors influencing organizational knowledge transfer: implication for corporate performance. Journal of knowledge manage-ment, 12(3), 84-100.
Riege, A. (2005). Three-dozen knowledge-sharing barriers managers must consider. Journal of knowledge management, 9(3), 18-35.
Ruggles, R. (1998). The state of the notion. California management review,40(3), 80-89.
Seng Veng, C., Zannes, E., & Wayne Pace, R. (2002). The contributions of knowledge management to workplace learning. Journal of Workplace Learning,14(4), 138-147.
Sharma, B. P., & Singh, M. D. (2012). Knowledge sharing barriers: An approach of interpretive structural modeling. IUP Journal of Knowledge Management, 10(3), 35.
Sharratt, M., & Usoro, A. (2003). Understanding knowledge-sharing in online communities of practice. Electronic Journal on Knowledge Management, 1(2), 187-196.
Sveiby, E.K. (2007). Disabling the context for knowledge work: the role of managers’ behaviours. Management Decision, 45(10), 1636-1655.
Thibaut, J. W., & Kelley, H. H. (1959). The social psychology of groups, Wiley & Sons Inc., New York.
Van Wijk, R., Jansen, J. J., & Lyles, M. A. (2008). Inter‐and intra‐organizational knowledge transfer: a meta‐analytic review and assessment of its antecedents and consequences. Journal of Management Studies, 45(4), 830-853.
Wilkesmann, U., Wilkesmann, M., & Virgillito, A. (2009). The absence of cooperation is not necessarily defection: Structural and motivational constraints of knowledge transfer in a social dilemma situation. Organization Studies,30(10), 1141-1164.
Witherspoon, C. L., Bergner, J., Cockrell, C., & Stone, D. N. (2013). Antecedents of organizational knowledge sharing: a meta-analysis and critique. Journal of Knowledge Management, 17(2), 250-277.
Yang, C., & Chen, L. C. (2007). Can organizational knowledge capabilities affect knowledge sharing behavior?. Journal of Information Science, 33(1), 95-109.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2015
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.