• Zoran Velkovski University “Ss. Cyril and Methodius”, Faculty of philosophy, Skopje
  • Elena Rizova University “Ss. Cyril and Methodius”, Faculty of philosophy, Skopje



Vocational education and training, Reform, Modernization, Collaborative approach, Partnership


Vocational education and training systems in the Republic of Macedonia have been put under strong pressure for modernisation in the last decades. In addition to economic and political globalisation, technological innovations brought rapid changes in the type of jobs and the content of labour in the national economies, which lead to change of the demand for qualifications and new skills on an on-going basis; the open market and migration expanded opportunities for work within and between countries, and the complexity of the demand for new skills on the labour market have dramatically begun affecting and shaping the structure, organisation and content of vocational education and training.
This report is based on the experiences from the collaborative approach applied in the development of the Strategy for Vocational Education and Training in a Lifelong Learning Context for the Republic of Macedonia, implemented through a process of consultation with a broad stakeholder basis. It addresses the participants in the process, the steps undertaken to ensure involvement of stakeholders and ultimately ownership over the process (or its components), the obstacles encountered and steps undertaken to address them, the problems, their causes and proposals for preventing and/or eliminating them, as well as the lessons learned and recommendations for further development of the social dialogue and partnership. 


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ETF (2010). Collaborative evaluation of the impact of the reformed 4-year secondary vocational education, Skopje.

European Commission (2012). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: Rethinking Education: Investing in skills for better socio-economic outcomes, Strasbourg, COM (2012), 669 final.

Humpl, S., & European Educational Research Association. (2007). Quality assurance in VET and HE: possibilities for mutual learning. Paper based on the Final report of the DEQU Enhancing Quality in Practice Orientated Higher Education v External Stakeholders and the Relevance of Curriculum Project, Ghent Conference.

Law on oriented vocational education, Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia No. 16 from 22 May 1985.

Law on Vocational education and training, Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia No. 71 from 08.06.2006.

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How to Cite

Velkovski, Z., & Rizova, E. (2015). SOCIAL DIALOGUE AND PARTNERSHIP IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE), 3(1), 81–88.