SEMIOTICS OF SOCIAL MEMORY IN URBAN SPACE: THE CASE OF VOLGOGRAD (STALINGRAD)

Authors

  • Irina Yanushkevich Volgograd State University

Keywords:

Social memory, Historical memory, Imagined community, City-text, Semiotic code, Toponymy

Abstract

Social memory as a kind of collective memory is connected with the strategies and practices of perpetuating the memory about important events, and city as a commemorative space can be viewed as a sign and as a text. The semiotic means encoding social phenomena and events represent the system of denotation, while the ways of place naming represent the culturally conditioned system of connotation operating behind the denotation code. The semiotics of social memory was examined by the example of the city of Volgograd (Stalingrad), the landscape of which appeals to a most significant historical event – the Great Patriotic War (World War II) – and can be conveniently described by means of Ch. S. Peirce’s classification of signs in which icons include signs denoting war heroes and represented by their sculptural images; indices include signs denoting artifacts associated with the war events; symbols are represented by toponymy signs characterized by the connotations of heroic deeds; all these signs representing cultural and political values specific for the Volgograd society. The semiotic density of social memory representation may be considered a ground for shaping the city’s ‘imagined community’ (the term suggested by B. Anderson, 1983) of a particular kind.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anderson, B. (1983). Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso.

Assmann, J., & Czaplicka, J. (1995). Collective Memory and Cultural Identity. New German Critique, 65, Cultural History/Cultural Studies, 125-133.

Azaryahu, M. (1997). German Reunification and the Politics of Street Names: The Case of East Berlin. Political Geography 16(6), 479-493.

Azaryahu, M. (2011). The Critical Turn and beyond: The Case of Commemorative Street Naming. ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies 10. International E-Journal for Critical Geographies, 1(1), 28-33.

Barthes, R. (1982). The Empire of Signs. New York. New York: Noonday Press.

Baudrillard, J. (1994). Simulacra and Simulation : University of Michigan Press.

Berger, P.L. & T. Luckmann. (1966). The Social Construction of Reality. A Treatise on Sociology of Knowledge. Garden City, NY : Anchor Books.

Foucault, M. (2002). The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences. Routledge.

Gill, G. (2005). Changing Symbols: the Renovation of Moscow Place Names. The Russian Review 64(3), 480-503.

Greimas, A.J. (1986). For a Topological Semiotics. The City and the Sign: An Introduction to Urban Semiotics. New York: Columbia University Press. 25–54.

Halbwaches, M. (1992). On collective memory, Chicago (IL) : The University of Chicago Press.

Jachna, T. J. (2004). Cyburban Semiotics. http://www.academia.edu/947003/Cyburban_Semiotics (visited March 30, 2013).

Kostof, S. (1991). The City Shaped: Urban Pattern and Meanings through History. Boston: Bulfinch Press.

Levi-Strauss, C. (1963). Structural Anthropology. (Trans.) C. Jacobson & B. Grundfest Schoepf, NY: Basic Books.

Light, D. (2004). Street Names in Bucharest, 1990–1997: Exploring the Modern Historical Geographies of Post-Social Change. Journal of Historical Geography 30(1), 154-172.

Nora, P. (1989). Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de Memoire. Representations 26, 7–25.

Palonen, E. (2008). The City-Text in Post-Communist Budapest: Street Names, Memorials, and the Politics of Commemoration. GeoJournal 73(3), 219-230.

Peirce, C.S. (1973). Existential Graphs. The Hague : Mouton & Co. N.V., Publishers. <http://existentialgraphs.com/peirceoneg/existentialgraphs4.418-529.htm> (visited March 11, 2013).

Rose-Redwood, R. (2008). From Number to Name: Symbolic Capital, Places of Memory and the Politics of Street Renaming in New York City. Social & Cultural Geography 9(4), 431-452.

Rose-Redwood, R., Alderman, D. & Azaryahu, M. (2009). Geographies of Toponymic Inscription: New Directions in Critical Place-Name Studies. Progress in Human Geography 34(4), 453-470.

Rüsen, J. (2005). History: Narration, Interpretation, Orientation. New York : Berghahn.

Singer, M. (1991). Semiotics of Cities, Selves, and Cultures: Explorations in Semiotic Anthropology. Berlin : Mouton de Gruyter.

Stevenson, D. (2003). Cities and Urban Cultures. Philadelphia : Open University Press.

Vuolteenaho, J., & Ainiala, T. (2009). Planning and Revamping Urban Toponymy: Ideological Alterations in the Linguistic Landscaping of Vuosaari Suburb, Critical Toponymies: The Contested Politics of Place Naming. Aldershot, UK and Burlington, USA : Ashgate. 227–252.

Yeoh, B. (1996). Street-naming and Nation-building: Toponymic Inscriptions of Nationhood in Singapore. Area 28(3), 298-307.

Анкерсмит, Ф. (2003). Нарративная логика: Семантический анализ языка историков. М.: Идея-Пресс.

Лотман, Ю.М. (2004). Семиосфера. СПб.: Искусство-СПб.

Никитина, Е.С. (2006). Семиотика. М.: Академический Проект; Трикста.

Соколов, А.В. (2002). Общая теория социальной коммуникации. СПб.: Изд-во Михайлова В.А.

Downloads

Published

2014-06-20

How to Cite

Yanushkevich, I. (2014). SEMIOTICS OF SOCIAL MEMORY IN URBAN SPACE: THE CASE OF VOLGOGRAD (STALINGRAD). International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE), 2(1), 43–50. Retrieved from https://www.ijcrsee.com/index.php/ijcrsee/article/view/107