APPLICATION OF COMPUTERS IN MODERNIZATION OF TEACHING SCIENCE

Abstract

The basic tendency of this paper is to point to the increasing application of information technology in teaching, and therefore also in the teaching of science and society. This means that educational process is constantly developing and improving, but teaching aids also are modernizing. Modern didactic and methodical knowledge are increasingly pointing out the shortcomings of traditional teaching and they offer solutions for overcoming these drawbacks, among the others, and through the modern informational technologies. In this sense, the use of computers is not just something that is recommended but it is becoming more necessary since it is the path to the active acquisition of knowledge and creativity. Multimedia teaching resources, contents and educational computer software enable students to critically use knowledge sources, to independently learn, analyze, systematize, compare and explore. The advantages offered by informational technologies are also in the fact that the teacher is relieved from one part of the obligation, teaching type, so it leaves him more time for the design of the teaching process. Purposefully use of teaching aids and forms of work, takes into account the capabilities of each student. The use of the computers and educational software in teaching provides a better flow of information since the presentation of information is performed through the multiple senses, so students can receive them visually or acoustically. Temporarily use of modern teaching aids (computers, educational software, etc.) allows students to come up quickly with different information and thus fulfill not only their increased interest in a particular area but also gain new knowledge.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Abstract

The basic tendency of this paper is to point to the increasing application of information technology in teaching, and therefore also in the teaching of science and society. This means that educational process is constantly developing and improving, but teaching aids also are modernizing. Modern didactic and methodical knowledge are increasingly pointing out the shortcomings of traditional teaching and they offer solutions for overcoming these drawbacks, among the others, and through the modern informational technologies. In this sense, the use of computers is not just something that is recommended but it is becoming more necessary since it is the path to the active acquisition of knowledge and creativity. Multimedia teaching resources, contents and educational computer software enable students to critically use knowledge sources, to independently learn, analyze, systematize, compare and explore. The advantages offered by informational technologies are also in the fact that the teacher is relieved from one part of the obligation, teaching type, so it leaves him more time for the design of the teaching process. Purposefully use of teaching aids and forms of work, takes into account the capabilities of each student. The use of the computers and educational software in teaching provides a better flow of information since the presentation of information is performed through the multiple senses, so students can receive them visually or acoustically. Temporarily use of modern teaching aids (computers, educational software, etc.) allows students to come up quickly with different information and thus fulfill not only their increased interest in a particular area but also gain new knowledge.

Author Biography

Dragana Ljubiša Stanojević, Dr., Pedagogical Faculty in Vranje, University of Niš

 

References

Abdulwahed, M., Nagy, Z. K. & Blanchard, R. (2008). Constructivist project based learning design, a cybernetics approach. IN: Malpica, F. … et al (eds). Proceedings of the 2nd International Multi-Conference on Society, Cybernetics and Informatics, (IMSCI 2008), June 29th - July 2nd, 2008 Orlando, Florida, USA, pp. 119-126 https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/5204

Arsović, B. (2006). Educational software in modern teaching. Pedagogical reality, (7-8), 568-575.

Banđur, V. (2007). Contemporary models in teaching nature and society. Pale: Faculty of Philosophy.

Blažič, M. (1993). Introduction to Educational Technology. Novo Mesto: Educational horizons.

Blažič, M. (1998). Introduction to media didactics. Novo Mesto: Educational horizons.

Blažič, M. (2007). Educational technology. Vranje: Pedagogical Faculty.

Budić, S. (2006). Characteristics of knowledge of the students in the learning process. Novi Sad.

Cvetković, B. N., & Stanojević, D. (2017). Educational needs of teacher for introduction and application of innovative models in educational work to improve teaching. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE), 5(1), 49-56. https://doi.org/10.5937/IJCRSEE1701049N

Damjanović, V. (1999). Didactic strategy of applying information technology in teaching. Pedagogical reality, 3-4.

Dillon, A., & Gabbard, R. (1998). Hypermedia as an educational technology: A review of the quantitative research literature on learner comprehension, control, and style. Review of educational research, 68(3), 322-349. https://doi.org/10.3102/00346543068003322

Downes, S. (2005). Are the basics of instructional design changing. Stephen’s web.

Filipović, N. (1977). Didactics. Sarajevo: Institute for textbooks and teaching aids.

Glušac, D. (2012). E-learning. Zrenjanin: Technical Faculty “Mihajlo Pupin”.

Havelka, N. (2000). Student and teacher in the learning process. Belgrade: ITTA.

Hilčenko, S. (2013). ‘’Euro’’ - an animated film, e-learning in teaching in Serbia. Media, culture and public relations, 4-2, 197-200. http://www.ecdlcentar.com/baza/ecdl_informacije/infotech_2008/radovi/082.pdf
Jones, A. J. (2003, July). Infusing ICT use within the early years of elementary education. In Proceedings of the international federation for information processing working group 3.5 open conference on Young children and learning technologies-Volume 34 (pp. 59-64). Australian Computer Society, Inc.. https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1082069

Mandić, D. (2003). Didactic - IT innovation in education. Belgrade: Mediagraf.

Mandić, P. & Mandić, D. (1996). Educational information technology. Belgrade: Pedagogical Faculty.

Mantiri, F. (2014). Multimedia and Technology in Learning. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 2(9), 589-592. https://doi.org/10.13189/ujer.2014.020901

Matijević, M. (1999). Teacher, Internet and teaching strategies. In: Rosić, V. (edit.): Teacher - quality factor in education, 676-683. Rijeka: Faculty of Philosophy.

Matijević, M., & Topolovčan, T. (2017). Multimedia didactics. Zagreb: School book.

Mijanović, N. (2004). The role of communication in the organization of modern teaching and learning. In: Communication and media in contemporary teaching, 235-253. Jagodina: Pedagogical Faculty.

Mitić, Lj. (2014). Information technology in the function of the implementation of innovative models of work in teaching Nature and Society. In: Denić, S. (ed.): Modern trends in curricular and extra-curricular activities in Teaching (Pedagogical) faculties, 103-112. Vranje: Pedagogical Faculty in Vranje.

Nadrljanski, Đ. & Nadrljanski, M. (2008). Digital media - educational software. Sombor: Pedagogical Faculty in Sombor.

Nadrljanski, Đ. & Soleša, D. (2002). Information Technology in Education. Sombor: Pedagogical Faculty.
Official envoy RS –Education review, Belgrade, 3/2011.

Petrović, M. (2009). E-learning supported by Internet technologies. Norma, 14(3), 263-280. http://scindeks-clanci.ceon.rs/data/pdf/0353-7129/2009/0353-71290903263P.pdf

Poljak, V. (1984). Didactics. Zagreb: The school newspaper.

Radosav, D. (2005). Educational computer software and authoring systems. Zrenjanin: Technical Faculty “Mihajlo Pupin”.

Robertson, J., & Good, J. (2005). Children’s narrative development through computer game authoring. TechTrends, 49(5), 43-59. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02763689

Rodek, S. (1986). Computers and modern teaching technology. Zagreb: The school newspaper.

Šikl Erski, A., Novković, A. & Spasojević, P. (2014). E-learning in teaching - possibilities, and resources. In: Engineering and Computer Science in Education -TIO2014, 2 (2). Čačak: Technical Faculty.

Simović, D. & Čukanović-Karavidić, M. (2010). E-learning. In: Engineering and Computer Science in education, Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference. Čačak: Technical Faculty, 761-766.

Solaković, I., Stanković, D. & Spremić-Solaković, A. (2012). The importance of the web portal as a source of electronic teaching materials for the preparation and implementation of teaching. In: Engineering and Computer Science in Education, Proceedings of the 4th International Conference. Čačak: Technical Faculty.

Stanimirović, B. & Anđelković, S. (2003). Methodology of science and society. Vranje: Pedagogical faculty.

Stanković, Z. & Stanojević, D. (2017). Didactic approaches to the use of ICT in the teaching process. Yearbook of pedagogy, 2(1), 41-50.

Stanojević, D., Stanković, Z. & Maksimović, J. (2017). Electronic evaluation in teaching class: assessment value of educational software. Facta, 1(2), 185-197. https://doi.org/10.22190/FUTLTE1702185S

Stošić L. & Stošić I. (2015). Perception of teachers regarding the implementation of the internet in education, Computers in Human Behavior, 53, 461-468. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2015.07.027, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0747563215300388

Stošić, L., & Stošić, I. (2013). Diffusion of innovation in modern school. International Journal Of Cognitive Research In Science, Engineering And Education (IJCRSEE), 1(1), 5-13. http://ijcrsee.com/index.php/IJCRSEE/article/view/144

Strategy for Information Society Development in the Republic of Serbia until 2020. (2010). [online] http://mtt.gov.rs/download/3/Strategija_razvoja_informacionog_drustva_2020.pdf

Suzić, N. (2003). Efficient educational communication. Educational technology, (3), 43.

Vilotijević, M. (1999). From traditional to informative didactics. Belgrade: Pedagogic Society of Serbia.

Vilotijević, M. (2007). Didactic 3. Belgrade: Schoolbook.

Vilotijević, N. (2006). The integrative teaching of Nature and Society. Belgrade: Schoolbook.

Internet sources:

http://veseleklupe.wordpress.com/about

http://www.zbornica.com

http://www.zbornica.rs

http://www.kreativnaskola.rs

http://veseleklupe.wordpress.com/about

http://riznica.wordpress.com

http://klikdoznanja.edu.rs

http://www.deteplus.rs

http://naukica.wordpress.com

http://uciteljskoblogce.wordpress.com

http://www.umotvorine.net

http://www.razredna-nastava.net

http://ispeciparecideci.wordpress.com
Published
2018-08-20
How to Cite
STANOJEVIĆ, Dragana Ljubiša; CENIĆ, Dragan; CENIĆ, Stojan. APPLICATION OF COMPUTERS IN MODERNIZATION OF TEACHING SCIENCE. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE), [S.l.], v. 6, n. 2, p. 89-106, aug. 2018. ISSN 2334-8496. Available at: <http://www.ijcrsee.com/index.php/IJCRSEE/article/view/392>. Date accessed: 24 oct. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.5937/ijcrsee1802089S.