DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL SKILLS AMONG ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN

Abstract

The purpose of the research was to explore the development of social skills among elementary school children and identify similarities and differences based on socio-demographic characteristics. The research was conducted in 2017. This study used a sample of 1639 fifth and eighth-grade students from 17 primary schools in the area of the Central Bosnia Canton. The obtained findings provided significant results. The high level of self-assessment of social competence was determined. The results also showed that there is a statistically significant difference between the respondents in the assessment of social competence with regard to the gender and grade of the students. The correlation between social competence and students’ school performance was determined. These findings will have their practical application in teaching process, and help teachers and students in the development of social competence through teaching process. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Abstract

The purpose of the research was to explore the development of social skills among elementary school children and identify similarities and differences based on socio-demographic characteristics. The research was conducted in 2017. This study used a sample of 1639 fifth and eighth-grade students from 17 primary schools in the area of the Central Bosnia Canton. The obtained findings provided significant results. The high level of self-assessment of social competence was determined. The results also showed that there is a statistically significant difference between the respondents in the assessment of social competence with regard to the gender and grade of the students. The correlation between social competence and students’ school performance was determined. These findings will have their practical application in teaching process, and help teachers and students in the development of social competence through teaching process. 

References

Al-Ali, M. M., Singh, A. P., & Smekal, V. (2011). Social anxiety in relation to social skills, aggression, and stress among male and female commercial institute students. Education, 132(2), 351-362. http://go.galegroup.com/ps/anonymous?id=GALE%7CA278759334&sid=googleScholar&v=2.1&it=r&linkaccess=fulltext&issn=00131172&p=AONE&sw=w&authCount=1&isAnonymousEntry=true

Babić Čikeš, A., Buško, V. (2015). Emocionalna inteligencija u ranoj adolescenciji: korelati sposobnosti upravljanja emocijama i predikcija školskog uspjeha. [Development of Emotional Intelligence in Early Adolescence:Abilities in Prediction of School Success.]. Društvena istraživanja, 24(1), 21-45.http://hrcak. srce.hr/138437

Blažević, I. (2015). Utjecaj školskoga kurikuluma na socijalni razvoj učenika [The Impact of the School Curriculum on the Social Development of Pupils. Doctoral thesis.]. Filozofski fakultet, Zagreb. http://darhiv.ffzg.unizg.hr/id/eprint/5871

Brajša- Žganec, A., (2003). Dijete i obitelj. [Child and Family.]. Jastrebarsko: Naklada Slap.

Brajša-Žganec, A., & Hanzec, I. (2015). Self-Regulation, Emotion Understanding and Aggressive Behaviour in Preschool Boys. Croatian Journal of Education: Hrvatski časopis za odgoj i obrazovanje, 17(Sp. Ed. 1), 13-24. https://hrcak.srce.hr/137683

Brajša-Žganec, A., & Slunjski, E. (2007). Socioemocionalni razvoj u predškolskoj dobi: povezanost razumijevanja emocija i prosocijalnoga ponašanja. [Socio-emotional Development in Pre-school children: A Correlation between Understanding Emotions and Pro-social behavior.]. Društvena istraživanja: časopis za opća društvena pitanja, 16(3 (89)), 477-496.

Brdar, I. (1993). Što je socijalna kompetencija. [What is Social Competence?]. Godišnjak Zavoda za psihologiju, 2, 13-22.

Brust Nemet, M. (2015). Socijalna kompetencija polaznika pedagoško-psihološke i didaktičko-metodičke izobrazbe. [Social Competence of the Attendants of the Pedagogically - psychological and Didactically - methodical education.]. Magistra Iadertina, 9(1), 99-109. https://hrcak.srce.hr/137245

Buljubašić Kuzmanović, V. (2008). Odnos socijalne kompetencije i ponašanja učenika. [The Relationship between Social Competence and Students’ Behavior.]. Doktorska disertacija. Zagreb: Filozofski fakultet.

Buljubašić Kuzmanović, V., & Botić, T. (2012). Odnos školskog uspjeha i socijalnih vještina kod učenika osnovne škole. Život i škola: časopis za teoriju i praksu odgoja i obrazovanja, 58(27), 38-53. https://hrcak.srce.hr/83154

Buljubašić-Kuzmanović, V. (2010). Soziale Kompetenzen und Beziehungen unter Gleichaltrigen in der [Social Competencies and Peer Relationships in the School.]. Schule. Pedagogijska istraživanja, 7(2), 203-203. http://hrcak.srce.hr/118097

Denham, S. A., Ji, P., & Hamre, B. (2010). Compendium of preschool through elementary school social-emotional learning and associated assessment measures. Chicago, IL: Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning and Social and Emotional Learning Research Group, University of Illinois at Chicago.

Dražić, L. (2016). Procjena socijalno-emocionalnih kompetencija djece rane osnovnoškolske dobi [Assesment of Social and Emotional Competences of Early School-age Children.]. (Doctoral dissertation, University of Zagreb. Faculty of Education and Rehabilitation Sciences.). https://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:158:212118

Elias, M. J., & Haynes, N. M. (2008). Social competence, social support, and academic achievement in minority, low-income, urban elementary school children. School Psychology Quarterly, 23(4), 474-495. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1045-3830.23.4.474

Fabra-Brell, E., & Romero-Naranjo, F. J. (2017). Body percussion: social competence between equals using the method BAPNE in Secondary Education (Design Research). Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 237, 1138-1142. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2017.02.168

Goleman, D. (1997). Emocionalna inteligencija: zašto možsto može biti važnija od kvocijenta inteligencija. [Emotional intelligence: why might be more important than the quotient of intelligence..]. Mozaik knjiga.

Jašarević, V., Jašarević, H., Hadžić, S. (2016). Razvijenost kompetencija kod učenika osnovne škole. [Development of Competences among Elementary School Students.]. Zbornik radova Prve međunarodne naučne konferencije InSSD. Travnik 2016.

Jurčić, M. (2010). Nastavni kurikulum kao poticaj razvoju socijalnih kompetencija učenika. [Teaching Curriculum as Development Incentives of Students’ Social Competences.]. Pedagogijska istraživanja, 7(2), 205-215. https://hrcak.srce.hr/118090

Katz, L. G., & McClellan, D. E. (1997). Fostering children’s social competence: The teacher’s role. National Association for the Education of Young Children. http://psycnet.apa.org/record/2001-14077-000

Katz, L. G., McClellan, D. E., & Jakovlev, B. (1999). Poticanje razvoja dječje socijalne kompetencije: uloga odgajateljica i učiteljica. [Encouraging the development of children's social competence: the role of educators and teachers]. Educa.

Klarin, M. (2006). Razvoj djece u socijalnom kontekstu: roditelji, vršnjaci, učitelji-kontekst razvoja djeteta. [The Development of Children in a Social Context - Parents, Peers, Teachers,the Context of Child Development.]. Zadar: Naklada Slap

Ključević, A. (2008). Unapređenje učeničkih socijalnih kompetencija. [Improvement of Students’ Social Competences.]. Diplomski rad. Učiteljski fakultet, Osijek. https://bib.irb.hr/datoteka/558915.Socijalne_kompetencije.pdf

Magelinskaitė, Š. (2011). Pirmaklasių mokinių socialinio subrendimo ir adaptacijos mokykloje rodiklių sąsajos. Pedagogika: Mokslo Darbai, 103, 45-51.https://www.ceeol.com/search/article-detail?id=105245

Magelinskaitė, Š., Kepalaitė, A., & Legkauskas, V. (2014). Relationship between social competence, learning motivation, and school anxiety in primary school. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 2936-2940. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.683

Markuš, M. (2010). Socijalna kompetentnost-jedna od ključnih kompetencija. [Competence – One of the Key Competences.]. Napredak, 151(3-4), 432-444. http://web.a.ebscohost.com/abstract?direct=true&profile=ehost&scope=site&authtype=crawler&jrnl=13300059&AN=58518074&h=IWExtL7uYJspDfNWiq13V4%2fZkk%2bgVS8Tg6QOsRXdfVxzlIemWJBbL1Ve7lt77SkJ2gKXzgEIL65I%2fwwOzugmcw%3d%3d&crl=c&resultNs=AdminWebAuth&resultLocal=ErrCrlNotAuth&crlhashurl=login.aspx%3fdirect%3dtrue%26profile%3dehost%26scope%3dsite%26authtype%3dcrawler%26jrnl%3d13300059%26AN%3d58518074

Mlinarević, V., & Tomas, S. (2010). Partnerstvo roditelja i odgojitelja-čimbenik razvoja socijalne kompetencije djeteta. [Partnership between Parents and Preschool Teachers – Factor for Developing Children’s Social Competences. ]. Magistra iadertina, 5(5), 143-158. http://bib.irb.hr/datoteka/510126.Microsoft_Word_.Partnerstvo_roditelja_i_odgojitelja.pdf

Opić, S. (2010). Mogući program razvoja socijalne kompetencije učenika u primarnom obrazovanju. [A Possible Programme for the Development of Social Competence of Pupils in Primary Education.]. Pedagogijska istraživanja, 7(2), 219-228 https://hrcak.srce.hr/118095

Opić, S. (2012). Neke dvojbe u primjeni faktorske analize u području istraživanja odgoja i obrazovanja (pedagogiji). [Some Doubts about the Use of Factor Analysis in the Field of Research Education (Pedagogy).]. Školski vjesnik: časopis za pedagogijsku teoriju i praksu, 61(4). 481-496. https://hrcak.srce.hr/94781

Pečjak, S., Puklek Levpušček, M., Valenčič Zuljan, M., Kalin, J., & Peklaj, C. (2009). Students’ social behaviour in relation to their academic achievement in primary and secondary school: Teacher’s perspective. Psihologijske teme, 18(1), 55-74. https://hrcak.srce.hr/39917

Previšić, V. (1999). Pedagoško-socijalna obzorja nasilja (i agresivnosti) u školi. U: Agresivnost u školi. Ur.. H. [Pedagogical-social Observations of Violence (and Aggression) at School.]. U: Agresivnost u školi. Ur.. H. [Aggression at School.]. Vrgoč, Zagreb, 1999, str. 15-27.

Previšić, V. (2003). Suvremeni učitelj: odgojitelj-medijator-socijalni integrator. U: Učitelj–učenik–škola. [Contemporary teacher: educator, mediator and social integrator.]. Ur. I. Prskalo, S. Vučak, Petrinja, VUŠ i HPK, 2, 13-20.

Selimović, H, Selimović, Z. (2009). Kako roditelji podstiču kompetencije svoje djece. [How Parents Encourage Competencies in their Children.]. Pedagoška stvarnost, 3-4, pp. 424-439, Novi Sad. https://www.scribd.com/doc/117957331/PEDAGO%C5%A0KA-STVARNOST

Suzić, N. (2005). Pedagogija za XXI vijek. [Pedagogy for the 21st Century.]. Banja Luka: TT-Centar. https://s3.amazonaws.com/academia.edu.documents/33726244/Nenad_Suzic-_Pedagogija_za_21_vijek.pdf?AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAIWOWYYGZ2Y53UL3A&Expires=1521382759&Signature=4ccbA2QaVJsPux2POtHmURxL33Y%3D&response-content-disposition=inline%3B%20filename%3DNenad_Suzic-_Pedagogija_za_21_vijek.pdf

Šipek, K. (2016). Socijalne vještine djece školske dobi: dobne i spolne razlike. [School-age Children’s Social Skills Development: Age and Gender differences.]. Diplomski rad. Učiteljski fakultet, Sveučilište u Zagrebu. https://repozitorij.ufzg.unizg.hr/islandora/object/ufzg%3A152/datastream/PDF/view

Tatalović Vorkapić, S., & Lončarić, D. (2014). Validacija hrvatske verzije ljestvice socio-emocionalne dobrobiti i otpornosti predškolske djece. [The Validation of the Croatian Version of the Socio-emotional Well-being and Resilience Scale in Preschool Children.]. Hrvatska revija za rehabilitacijska istraživanja, 50(2), 102-117. https://hrcak.srce.hr/131196

Vinaj, A. (2014). Odnos socijalnih vještina, depresivnih simptoma i školskog uspjeha kod srednjoškolaca [Relationship between Social Skills, Depressive Symptoms and School Success among High School Students.]. (Doctoral dissertation, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek. Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences.) https://zir.nsk.hr/islandora/object/ffos%3A898

Zrilić, S. (2010). Kvaliteta komunikacije i socijalni odnosi u razredu. [Communication Quality and Social Relationships in the Classroom.]. Pedagogijska istraživanja, 7(2), 231-240. https://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?show=clanak&id_clanak_jezik=174490
Published
2018-04-20
How to Cite
SELIMOVIĆ, Zehrina; SELIMOVIĆ, Hazim; OPIĆ, Siniša. DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL SKILLS AMONG ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE), [S.l.], v. 6, n. 1, p. 17-30, apr. 2018. ISSN 2334-8496. Available at: <http://www.ijcrsee.com/index.php/IJCRSEE/article/view/323>. Date accessed: 25 may 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.5937/ijcrsee1801017S.